Caveolin 2 regulates endocytosis and trafficking of the M1 muscarinic receptor in MDCK epithelial cells

Miriam Shmuel, Efrat Nodel-Berner, Tehila Hyman, Alexander Rouvinski, Yoram Altschuler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Clathrin and caveolins are known for their involvement in the internalization of numerous receptors. Here we show that in polarized epithelial Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, both the clathrin machinery and caveolins are involved in the endocytosis and delivery to the plasma membrane (PM) of the M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR). We initially localized this receptor to the lateral membrane, where it accumulates proximal to the tight junctions. From there it is internalized through the clathrin-mediated pathway. In addition, the receptor may associate on the PM with caveolin (cav) 2 or in intracellular compartments with either cav 2, or monomelic or oligomeric cav 1. Association of the PM M1 mAChR with cav 2 inhibits receptor endocytosis through the clathrin-mediated pathway or retains the receptor in an intracellular compartment. This intracellular association attenuates receptor trafficking. Expression of cav 1 with cav 2 rescues the latter's inhibitory effect. The caveolins stimulate M1 mAChR oligomerization thus maintaining a constant amount of monomelic receptor. These results provide evidence that caveolins play a role in the attenuation of the M1 muscarinic receptor's intracellular trafficking to and from the PM.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1570-1585
Number of pages16
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2007

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