Cellular processes underlying maturation of P19 neurons: Changes in protein folding regimen and cytoskeleton organization

Alex Inberg, Yoel Bogoch, Yaniv Bledi, Michal Linial*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Embryonal carcinoma P19 cells provide an ideal model to study molecular programs along differentiation. Upon induction by retinoic acid (RA), the cells undergo a program of differentiation that generates functioning neurons within 60 h. RA induced cells that were plated as sparse (1000 cells/mm2) or dense (4000 cells/mm2) cultures showed a marked difference in the culture morphology with the dense cultures exhibiting rapid maturation and accelerated neurite outgrowth. The protein expression levels of the sparse and dense cultures were compared 48 h following RA. Cell extracts were separated by 1-DE and 2-DE and differential expression (>four-fold) proteins were identified by MS. Here, we focus on 20 proteins associated with cytoskeletal regulation and stress-dependent protein refolding. The first group includes drebrin, cofilin, α-internexin, vimentin, and nestin. Among the proteins in the second group are subunits of the TCP-1, and several chaperones of the Hsp70 and Hsp90 families. We show that coordinated remodeling of the cytoskeleton and modulations in chaperone activity underlie the change in neurite extension rate. Furthermore, a proteomics-based analysis applied on P19 neurons demonstrated pathways underlying neuronal outgrowth, suggesting that a malfunction of such pathways leads to neuropathological conditions.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)910-920
Number of pages11
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 2007


  • Differential expression
  • Embryonic cancinoma
  • Neurite outgrowth
  • Neuronal differentiation
  • Synaptic plasticity


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