Chalkstone vessels from sepphoris: Galilean production in roman times

Maya Sherman*, Zeev Weiss, Tami Zilberman, Gal Yasur

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stone vessels were used in Judaea and the Galilee from the second half of the 1st century B.C.E. until the 2nd century C.E., when it is widely accepted that they were phased out. This study focuses on the major types of chalkstone vessels uncovered in Roman Sepphoris, identifies the unique forms in the assemblage, and discusses the technological issues pertaining to their production. The findings presented in this study suggest that the stone vessels in the Galilee, unlike those in Judaea, did not disappear immediately but were found in layers associated with the Late Roman period (mid-2nd to 4th centuries), thus indicating their continual use. In tracing the sources of the chalkstone vessels, the geochemical analysis employed in this study shows that large numbers of vessels used by Sepphoreans were evidently produced in local quarries of the Lower Galilee.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-95
Number of pages17
JournalBulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
Volume383
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
21 This examination of carbonate rocks in Israel was introduced by Mordechai Magaritz (1973). The OCI analysis presented in our study was conducted by Dr. Avner Ayalon and his lab team at the Geological Survey of Israel and funded by the ISF, grant no. 419/12.

Funding Information:
tract impurity’ (b. Šabb. 58a): Stone Vessels in the Galilee during the Second Temple Period and in the Centuries following the Destruction, funded by the Israel Science Foundation (ISF), Grant no. 419/12.

Funding Information:
6 A detailed analysis of the whole assemblage can be found in Sherman 2012 (pp. 11–28). The drawing of the artifacts was made possible by the support of The Ruth and David Amiran Foundation; 3D scanning was performed in the Computerized Archaeology Laboratory of the Institute of Archaeology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, using methods described in Grosman, Smikt, and Smilanksy 2008.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Schools of Oriental Research.

Keywords

  • Chalkstone vessels
  • Daily life
  • Galilean chalkstone vessels
  • Quarries
  • Sepphoris

RAMBI Publications

  • Rambi Publications
  • Implements, utensils, etc -- Eretz Israel
  • Chalkware
  • Stone vases -- Eretz Israel
  • Tsippori (Extinct city) (Israel) -- Antiquities
  • Eretz Israel -- Antiquities, Roman

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