Characteristics of and risk factors for intervertebral disk extrusions in pekingese

Orit Chai*, Tamar Harrosh, Tali Bdolah-Avram, Michal Mazaki-Tovi, Merav H. Shamir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To characterize and identify risk factors for intervertebral disk extrusion (IVDE) in Pekingese. DESIGN Retrospective case-control study. ANIMALS 426 Pekingese (81 with confirmed IVDE and 345 without IVDE) admitted to a veterinary teaching hospital from 2005 through 2015. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed and data were extracted regarding age, sex, body weight, body condition score, coat color, chief reason for initial evaluation, body system involved, and diagnosis. Survey radiographs of the vertebral column were examined. Data were compared between the confirmed IVDE and non-IVDE groups. RESULTS Confirmed IVDE was uncommon in dogs < 2 years of age (2/81 [2%]). The extrusion was primarily located in the thoracolumbar (n = 57 [70%]) and cervical (22 [27%]) regions; the most common sites were T12-13 and C6-7. The number of radiographically visible calcified disks was significantly greater in the confirmed IVDE versus non-IVDE group, and the presence of calcified disks in the T10-L4 region was associated with increased odds of IVDE (OR, 21.2). Black coat color was significantly more prevalent in the confirmed IVDE versus non-IVDE group and was associated with increased odds of developing IVDE (OR, 1.6). Mean body weight and the proportion of spayed female dogs were significantly greater in the confirmed IVDE versus non-IVDE group. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Several risk factors for confirmed IVDE in Pekingese were identified that could be useful for counseling clients about the disease or, with additional research, designing selective breeding programs to reduce the prevalence of IVDE in the breed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)846-851
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume252
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2018

Bibliographical note

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© 2018, American Veterinary Medical Association. All rights reserved.

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