Chemically modified human immunoglobulin G: Hydrophobicity and surface activity at air/solution interface

A. Kamyshny, S. Magdassi*, P. Relkin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Covalent modification of human IgG by fatty acid esters (C8 and C16) of N-hydroxysuccinimide was carried out. Surface hydrophobicity measurements, using the fluorescent probe 8-anilino-1-naphthalenesulfonate, indicate an increase in the surface protein hydrophobicity with an increase in the number and in the length of the attached alkyl chains. The modified IgGs decrease surface tension at the air/solution interface more effectively than the native protein. The values of the molecular cross-sectional areas (ΔA) estimated from the kinetic data are in the range of 100-300 Å and reflect the size of protein segments at the interface during the adsorption process. About 40-50% increase in the ΔA was observed upon attachment of the C8 groups to the native IgG. The lengthening of the bound alkyl chain from C8 to C16 results in a further increase in this value. The influence of the overall IgG hydrophobicity and the length of the attached alkyl chain on the dimensions of the mobile protein segment at the surface are discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)74-80
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume212
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 1999

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Hydrophobized IgG
  • Surface activity

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