Children's Adjustment in a Climate of Political Violence: Comparing Mother and Child Reports

Gali Tangir*, Rachel Dekel, Tamar Lavi, Abigail H. Gewirtz, Osnat Zamir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


There is a dearth of research on parent and child reports regarding a parent’s parenting and its contribution to a child’s adjustment. Therefore, the current study examined: (a) the differences between mother and child reports of aspects of maternal parenting (i.e., care and control), among both boys and girls; (b) which parenting report (i.e., mother’s or child’s) makes a stronger contribution to mother and child reports of the child’s adjustment in the context of political violence. One hundred and twenty-one mother-child dyads (children aged seven to 12 years old (M = 10.02, SD = 1.03)), who were exposed to prolonged political violence, participated in this study. Maternal care and control were assessed by mother and child reports on the Parental Bonding Instrument. Child’s adjustment was assessed both by mother’s report of child’s total difficulties and child’s self-report of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Results revealed that both the mothers of girls and the girls themselves reported higher care, in comparison to mothers of boys and the boys themselves, while mothers of boys and the boys themselves reported higher control. Higher maternal control, as reported by the child, was associated with the child’s self-reported PTSS. Higher maternal control, as reported by the mother, was associated with the child’s total difficulties, as reported by the mother. However, maternal care, whether reported by mother or child, was not found to be associated with the child’s adjustment. School-aged children and their mothers were in agreement regarding maternal dimensions and their contribution to children’s adjustment.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)131-140
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was part of a joint research project conducted by the University of Minnesota (USA), Bar-Ilan University, and Sderot’s Resiliency Center (Israel); IRB approval was received from all participating institutions. Data was collected during the period of May 2012 to December 2013.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.


  • Exposure to political violence
  • Maternal care and control
  • Mother–child relationship
  • Multiple informants’ report
  • School-aged children


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