Climate Impact Assessments

Debbie Hemming*, Maureen D. Agnew, Clare M. Goodess, Christos Giannakopoulos, Skander Ben Salem, Marco Bindi, Mohamed Nejmeddine Bradai, Letizia Congedi, Camilla Dibari, Hesham El-Askary, Mutasem El-Fadel, Mohamed El-Raey, Roberto Ferrise, José M. Grünzweig, Ali Harzallah, Abdallah Hattour, Maria Hatzaki, Dina Kanas, Piero Lionello, Mark McCarthyCésar Mösso Aranda, Theib Oweis, Joan Pau Sierra, Basil Psiloglou, Marco Reale, Agustín Sánchez-Arcilla, Mohamed Senouci, Annalisa Tanzarella

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This chapter highlights key climate impacts, hazards and vulnerabilities and associated indicators that have been used to assess current (recent) climate impacts at each of the case-study sites. The aim is to illustrate some of the wide range of information available from individual case studies and highlight common themes that are evident across multiple case-study locations. This is used to demonstrate linkages and sensitivities between the specific climate impacts of relevance for each case-study type (urban, rural and coastal) and the key climate hazards and biogeophysical and social vulnerabilities representing the underlying drivers and site conditions. For some impacts, there are clear, direct links with climate events, such as heat stress and flooding, while for others, such as energy supply and demand, the causal relationships are more indirect, via a cascade of climate, social and economic influences. Water availability and extreme temperatures are common drivers of current climate impacts across all case studies, including, for example, freshwater supply and heat stress for urban populations; irrigation capacity and growing season length for agricultural regions; and saltwater intrusion of aquifers and tourist visitor numbers at coastal locations. At some individual case-study locations, specific impacts, hazards and/or vulnerabilities are observed, such as peri-urban fires in Greater Athens, infrastructure vulnerability to coastal flooding in Alexandria, groundwater levels in Tel Hadya and vector-borne diseases in the Gulf of Oran. Throughout this chapter, evidence of current climate impacts, hazards and vulnerabilities from each of the case studies is detailed and assessed relative to other case studies. This provides a foundation for considering the wider perspective of the Mediterranean region as a whole, and for providing a context from which to assess consequences of future climate projections and consider suitable adaptation options.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationAdvances in Global Change Research
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages44
StatePublished - 2013

Publication series

NameAdvances in Global Change Research
ISSN (Print)1574-0919
ISSN (Electronic)2215-1621

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


  • Climate change
  • Climate variability
  • Impacts
  • Mediterranean
  • Vulnerability


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