Clinical electrophysiology in veterinary ophthalmology - The past, present and future

Ron Ofri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The aim of this review is to introduce the reader to the world of clinical veterinary electroretinography. An important indication for ERG recordings in the dog is the early diagnosis of progressive retinal atrophy, an inherited form of photoreceptor degeneration, analogous to retinitis pigmentosa in humans. In most of the 20 canine breeds in which the disease has been studied electrophysiologically, changes in the ERG appear long before the appearance of clinical signs. This early diagnosis is a vital tool in efforts to eradicate the disease through preventive breeding. Pre-operative screening of canine cataract patients is another common indication for electroretinography in the dog. The ERG is also used to diagnose inherited and nutritional photoreceptor degenerations in the cat, and retinal disorders in a number of other animal species. The abundance of animal species (and breeds) seen by the veterinary ophthalmologist lends additional importance to the problem of a harmonized ERG recording protocol. The European College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists has set up a special committee to formulate guidelines for such a protocol. International meetings and wetlabs are also being organized as part of an effort to improve the quality of electrophysiological diagnosis that veterinary ophthalmologists provide their patients.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)5-16
Number of pages12
JournalDocumenta Ophthalmologica
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2002


  • Animal models
  • Cat
  • Dog
  • Electroretinogram
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Retinal dysplasia


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