Clinical utility of serum fructosamine in long-term monitoring of diabetes mellitus in dogs

Sharon Kuzi*, Michal Mazaki-Tovi, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, Yael Ovadia, Itamar Aroch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Serum fructosamine (sFA) is used to assess glycaemic control in dogs with diabetes mellitus (DM). Nevertheless, its interpretation is hindered by several limitations. Methods: This retrospective study evaluates the long-term diagnostic performance of sFA for monitoring clinical control of DM. sFA, bodyweight, appetite, presence of polyuria/polydipsia and clinical scores (CS; well-controlled DM, CS-0; uncontrolled DM, CS-1) were recorded. Results: The study included 75 dogs (321 visits; median 3 visits/dog; range 1–19). Mean sFA was higher (p < 0.001) on visits with CS-1 (584 μmol/L; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 561–608) than on visits with CS-0 (506 μmol/L; 95% CI 484–528). Increases in sFA increased the odds ratio for CS-1 (1.37; 95% CI 1.24–1.52, p < 0.001). sFA was moderately predictive of the CS (area under receiver operating characteristic curve = 0.75; 95% CI 0.70–0.80; p < 0.0001), with a 486 μmol/L cutoff yielding 80% sensitivity and 59% specificity. Mean sFA was lower (p = 0.005) when hypoglycaemic episodes were suspected (496 μmol/L; 95% CI 450–541) than in their absence (572 μmol/L; 95% CI 548–596). sFA is moderately accurate for classifying CS in diabetic dogs. Decreasing sFA over follow-ups indicates improved CS but might suggest occurrence of hypoglycaemic episodes. Limitations: Retrospective design, variable treatments and comorbidities are limitations of this study. Conclusion: sFA has a moderate clinical utility in the long-term monitoring of diabetic dogs, but may serve as a first-line, accessible diagnostic tool. Discordant CS and sFA evaluation, or decreased sFA, warrants additional monitoring (i.e., continuous glucose monitoring).

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)no
JournalVeterinary Record
Issue number2
StatePublished - 21 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Veterinary Record published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Veterinary Association.


  • canine
  • glycated protein
  • hyperglycaemia
  • hypoglycaemia
  • insulin


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