Cloning, characterization, and expression in Escherichia coli of the gene coding for the CpG DNA methylase from Spiroplasma sp. strain MQ1(M Sssl)

Paul Renbaum*, Dan Abrahamove, Abraham Fainsod, Geoffrey G. Wilson, Shlomo Rottem, Aharon Razin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

180 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe here the cloning, characterization and expression in E. coli of the gene coding for a DNA methylase from Spiropiasma sp. strain MQ1 (M Sssl). This enzyme methylates completely and exclusively CpG sequences (1). The Spiroplasma gene was transcribed In E. coli using its own promoter. Translation of the entire message required the use of an opal suppressor, suggesting that UGA triplets code for tryptophan in Spiroplasma. Sequence analysis of the gene revealed several UGA triplets, in a 1158 bp long open reading frame. The deduced amino acid sequence revealed in M{dot operator}Sssl all common domains characteristic of bacterial cytosine DNA methylases. The putative sequence recognition domain of M{dot operator}Sssl showed no obvious similarities with that of the mouse DNA methylase, in spite of their common sequence specificity. The cloned enzyme methylated exclusively CpG sequences both in vivo and in vitro. In contrast to the mammalian enzyme which is primarily a maintenance methylase, M{dot operator}Sssl displayed de novo methylase activity, characteristic of prokaryotic cytosine DNA methylases.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1145-1152
Number of pages8
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Mar 1990
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We are grateful to H. Cedar for careful reading of the manuscript and useful suggestions. This study was partially supported by NTH grant GM20483 to A. R.

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