Cloning of Russian sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii) growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor I and their expression in male and female fish during the first period of growth

S. Yom Din, A. Hurvitz, D. Goldberg, K. Jackson, B. Levavi-Sivan, G. Degani*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, the GH and IGF-I of the Russian sturgeon (rs), Acipenser gueldenstaedtii, were cloned and sequenced, and their mRNA gene expression determined. In addition, to improve our understanding of the GH function, the expression of this hormone was assessed in young males and females. Moreover, IGF-I expression was quantified in young males and compared to that in older ones. The nucleotide sequence of the rsGH cDNA was 980 bp long and had an open reading frame of 642 bp, beginning with the first ATG codon at position 39 and ending with the stop codon at position 683. A putative polyadenylation signal, AATAAA, was recognized 42 bp upstream of the poly (A) tail. The position of the signal-peptide cleavage site was predicted to be at position 111, yielding a signal peptide of 24 amino-acids (aa) and a mature pepticle of 190 aa. When the rsGH aa sequence was compared with other species, the highest degree of identity was found to be with mammalians (66-70% identity), followed by anguilliformes and amphibia (61%) and other fish (39-479/6). The level of rsGH mRNA was discovered to be similar in pituitaries of females and males of 5 age groups (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5-yr-old). In females and males, the levels did not change dramatically during the first 5 yr of growth. The partial nucleoticle sequence of the rsIGF-I was 445 bp long and had an open reading frame of 396 bp, beginning with the ATG codon at position 50. The position of the signal-peptide cleavage site was predicted to be at position 187, yielding a signal pepticle of 44 aa. The highest level of IGF-I mRNA expression was recorded in the kidney of adult sturgeons. The IGF-I mRNA expression levels in the intestine, pituitary gland, and liver were not significantly different. Low levels of expression were found in the brain, heart, and muscle. In most tissues, there was no significant difference between mRNA levels of one and 5-yr-old fish. In conclusion, based on the GH-sequence analysis, A. gueldenstaedtii is genetically distant from other teleosts. The expression of the GH mRNA was similar in males and females, and its level remained constant during the first 5 yr of growth. While the IGF-I mRNA expression differed amongst various tissues, the level in each tissue was similar in 1 and 5-yr-old fish.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)201-210
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2008

Keywords

  • Gene expression
  • Growth hormone
  • Insulin-like growth factor I
  • Puberty
  • Real-time PCR
  • Sturgeon

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