Cognitive bias modification for inferential style

Noa Avirbach, Baruch Perlman, Nilly Mor*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


In this study, we developed a cognitive bias modification procedure that targets inferential style, and tested its effect on hope, mood, and self-esteem. Participants were randomly assigned to training conditions intended to encourage either a negative or a positive inferential style. Participants’ inferences for their failure on a cognitive challenge were congruent with their training condition. Moreover, compared to participants in the positive training condition, those in the negative condition reported less hope and exhibited lower mood and self-esteem following the failure. Finally, the training affected mood and self-esteem indirectly via its effect on participants’ inferences for their failure. These findings provide support for the causal role of inferential style in depressed affect.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)816-824
Number of pages9
JournalCognition and Emotion
Issue number4
StatePublished - 19 May 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Inferential style
  • cognitive bias modification
  • depression
  • self-esteem


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