Objective: The main objective of this prospective multicenter study was to examine whether illness representations of control, affect, and coping behaviors mediate the effects of self-efficacy to cope with cancer on psychological symptoms and overall quality of life, in breast cancer patients. Method: Data from 413 women (Mean age = 54.87; SD = 8.01), coming from four countries (i.e., Finland, Israel, Italy, Portugal), who received medical therapy for their early breast cancer, were analyzed. Coping self-efficacy was assessed at baseline. Potential mediators were assessed three months later, and outcomes after six months. Results: Coping self-efficacy was related to all mediators and outcomes. Illness representations of treatment control, positive and negative affect, and certain coping behaviors (mostly, anxiety preoccupation) mediated the effects of coping self-efficacy. Coping self-efficacy was related to each outcome through a different combination of mediators. Conclusions: Coping self-efficacy is a major self-regulation factor which is linked to well-being through multiple cognitive, emotional, and behavioral pathways. Enhancement of coping self-efficacy should be a central intervention goal for patients with breast cancer, towards promotion of their well-being.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 777167.
© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
- adaptation to cancer
- breast cancer
- coping self-efficacy
- coping self‐