Coherent control is a method used to manipulate the state of matter using oscillatory electromagnetic radiation which interacts with the state in a nonequilibrium manner before the steady precessional state is reached. It is commonly applied in quantum processing applications. This technique is interesting in the context of ferromagnetic materials because of the ability to combine it with spintronics for the purpose of fundamental spin transport research, low-power information processing, and potentially future quantum bit (Qubit) applications. In this work we address the theoretical grounds of coherent manipulation in practical ferromagnetic systems. We study the electromagnetic radiation-driven interaction that is enhanced in the presence of spin-polarized current and map the conditions that allow coherent manipulation for which Rabi oscillations take place. The role of the magnetic anisotropy field is shown to act as an additional oscillatory driving field. We discuss the Gilbert losses in the context of effective coherence decay rates and show that it is possible to control these rates by application of a static spin current. The case of coherent manipulation using oscillatory spin current that is free of radiation is discussed as well. Our work paves the way towards spin current amplification as well as radiation-free coherent control schemes that may potentially lead to novel Qubits that are robust and scalable.
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