Combination of phage therapy and cefiderocol to successfully treat Pseudomonas aeruginosa cranial osteomyelitis

Patricia J. Simner, Jerald Cherian, Gina A. Suh, Yehudit Bergman, Stephan Beisken, Joseph Fackler, Martin Lee, Robert J. Hopkins, Pranita D. Tamma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background: Pseudomonas aeruginosa has the ability to exhibit resistance to a broad range of antibiotics, highlighting the importance of identifying alternative or adjunctive treatment options, such as phages. Patients and methods: We report the case of a 25-year-old male who experienced an accidental electrocution resulting in exposed calvarium in the left parieto-Temporal region, complicated by a difficult-To-Treat P. aeruginosa (DTR-P. aeruginosa) infection. Cefiderocol was the sole antibiotic with consistent activity against six bacterial isolates obtained from the infected region over a 38day period. Results: WGS analysis identified a blaGES-1 gene as well as the MDR efflux pumps MexD and MexX in all six of the patient's ST235 DTR-P. aeruginosa isolates, when compared with the reference genome P. aeruginosa PA01 and a P. aeruginosa ST235 isolate from an unrelated patient. After debridement of infected scalp and bone, the patient received approximately 6weeks of cefiderocol in conjunction with IV phage Pa14NPøPASA16. Some improvement was observed after the initiation of cefiderocol; however, sustained local site improvement and haemodynamic stability were not achieved until phage was administered. No medication-related toxicities were observed. The patient remains infection free more than 12months after completion of therapy. Conclusions: This report adds to the growing literature that phage therapy may be a safe and effective approach to augment antibiotic therapy for patients infected with drug-resistant pathogens. Furthermore, it highlights the importance of the GES β-lactamase family in contributing to inactivation of a broad range of β-lactam antibiotics in P. aeruginosa, including ceftolozane/tazobactam, ceftazidime/avibactam and imipenem/relebactam.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numberdlac046
JournalJAC-Antimicrobial Resistance
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy.


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