Community policing in Israel: Resistance and change

David Weisburd, Orit Shalev, Menachem Amir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Israeli National Police began to implement community policing on a large scale in January of 1995. In this paper we describe the main findings of a three year national evaluation of community policing in Israel that was initiated by the Chief Scientist's office of the Israeli police in the Fall of 1996. When community policing was envisioned and planned in Israel it was seen as part of a total reformation of the Israeli police in structure, philosophy and action. Our research suggests that this broad idea of community policing was not implemented in Israel, and indeed the program of community policing was found to lose ground during the course of our study. While community policing did have specific impacts on the Israeli police, it did not fundamentally change the perspectives and activities of street level police officers. We explain the difficulties encountered in the implementation of community policing in reference to three factors: the speed of implementation of the program; the resistance of traditional military style organizational culture within the Israeli police to the demands of community policing models; and a lack of organizational commitment to community policing. In our conclusions we argue that these barriers to successful community policing are not unique to the Israel case, and are indeed likely to be encountered in the development of community policing in many other countries.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)80-109
Number of pages30
JournalPolicing
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Israel
  • Police
  • Problem identification
  • Strategy

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