We study scanning tunneling microscope (STM) measurements of DNA molecules. It is found that the counterions along the DNA induce an attractive potential that modifies the nature of the tunneling current such that contrast inversion emerges in the STM images. By analyzing the current-distance (I-z) dependence, we demonstrate theoretically that the DNA image contrast with respect to the substrate can be reversed by changing the current setting Iset or the bias voltage setting Vset. These findings are consistent with our experimental observations of current and bias voltage dependent contrast changes in direct STM measurements.
|Original language||American English|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - 2006|