Composite boron nitride neutron detectors

M. Roth*, E. Mojaev, O. Khakhan, A. Fleider, E. Dul'Kin, M. Schieber

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Single phase polycrystalline hexagonal boron nitride (BN) or mixed with boron carbide (BxC) embedded in an insulating polymeric matrix acting as a binder and forming a composite material as well as pure submicron size polycrystalline BN has been tested as a thermal neutron converter in a multilayer thermal neutron detector design. Metal sheet electrodes were covered with 20-50 μm thick layers of composite materials and assembled in a multi-layer sandwich configuration. High voltage was applied to the metal electrodes to create an interspacing electric field. The spacing volume could be filled with air, nitrogen or argon. Thermal neutrons were captured in converter layers due to the presence of the 10B isotope. The resulting nuclear reaction produced α-particles and 7Li ions which ionized the gas in the spacing volume. Electron-ion pairs were collected by the field to create an electrical signal proportional to the intensity of the neutron source. The detection efficiency of the multilayer neutron detectors is found to increase with the number of active converter layers. Pixel structures of such neutron detectors necessary for imaging applications and incorporation of internal moderator materials for field measurements of fast neutron flux intensities are discussed as well.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)791-794
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier B.V.


  • A1. Characterization
  • A3. Polycrystalline deposition
  • B1. Nitrides
  • B2. Dielectric materials


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