A model describing chemical transfer from soil to surface runoff is presented as a convective mass transfer process through a boundary layer connecting a soil mixing cell to the runoff mixing cell. The boundary layer is assumed to be laminar above the soil surface, restricting chemical transport through this zone to molecular diffusion. The determined mass transfer coefficient is proportional to the chemical diffusion coefficient and inversely proportional to the laminar boundary layer depth. It is increasing with the increase of soil surface roughness, runoff hydraulic gradient and runoff hydraulic radius. A model for chemical runoff effluent concentration is proposed in which rainfall induced surface runoff is represented as a well-mixed reactor. Transfer of soil solutes to the reactor is assumed to occur by a rate limited process proportional to the soil concentration. This approach differs from others in the literature which assume instantaneous equilibrium between runoff and soil solution concentrations. Additional aspects of the subject are discussed.
|Original language||American English|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of the ASABE|
|State||Published - May 1989|