Conclusion: Police Innovation and the Future of Policing

Anthony A. Braga, David Weisburd

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


In this volume, a group of leading scholars presented contrasting perspectives on eleven major innovations in American policing developed over the course of the last three decades. Police departments needed to improve their performance and relationships with the community and innovation provided the opportunity to make these improvements. These innovations represent fundamental changes to the business of policing. However, as many of our authors point out, improving police performance through innovation is often not straightforward. Police departments are highly resistant to change and police officers often experience difficulty in implementing new programs (Sparrow, Moore, & Kennedy, 1990; Bayley & Nixon, 2010; Maguire, 2014; Lum & Koper, 2017). The available evidence on key dimensions of police performance associated with these innovations, such as crime control effectiveness and community satisfaction with services provided, is sometimes limited. These observations are not unique to the policing field. For example, as Elmore (1997) suggests, the field of education was awash in innovation during the 1990s, but there is little evidence examining whether those innovations advanced the performance of schools, students, or graduates.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationPolice Innovation
Subtitle of host publicationContrasting Perspectives, Second Edition
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9781108278423
ISBN (Print)9781108417815
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Cambridge University Press 2019.


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