Conclusion The economic context, embeddedness and immigrant entrepreneurs

Eran Razin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Concludes that the impact of the economic context on entrepreneurship among immigrants is group specific. The concepts of embeddedness, which acknowledges that economic action is embedded in the structures of social relations, and mixed embeddedness, which incorporates both roles of co-ethnic networks and linkages between immigrants and the broader society, could have a major role in explaining these variations. However, these concepts could be criticized as being fuzzy and hard to verify empirically, and as presenting an idealistic image on the favorable role of intra-ethnic networks. Case studies demonstrate various aspects of the economic milieu that influence immigrant enterprise and provide some evidence for the embeddedness and mixed embeddedness concepts, although not fulfilling the need for a broader and more formal verification of arguments based on these concepts. An imbalance between too intensive intra-ethnic ties and lack of sufficient instrumental inter-ethnic networks is revealed in some of the studies.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)162-167
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2002


  • Economic conditions
  • Entrepreneurialism
  • Ethnic groups
  • Immigrants


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