We investigate the impact of geometric constriction on the viscous flow of electron liquid through quantum point contacts. We provide analysis on the electric potential distribution given the setup of a slit configuration and use the method of conformal mapping to obtain analytical results. The potential profile can be tested and contrasted experimentally with the scanning tunneling potentiometry technique. We discuss intricate physics that underlies the Gurzhi effect, i.e., the enhancement of conductivity in the viscous flow, and compare results for different boundary conditions. In addition, we calculate the temperature dependence of the momentum relaxation time as a result of impurity assisted quasiballistic interference effects and discuss various correlational corrections that lead to the violation of Matthiessen's rule in the hydrodynamic regime. We caution that spatially inhomogeneous profiles of current in the Gurzhi crossover between Ohmic and Stokes flows might also appear in the nonhydrodynamic limit where nonlocality plays an important role. This conclusion is corroborated by calculation of dispersive conductivity in the weakly impure limit.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Basic Energy Sciences Israel Science Foundation National Science Foundation
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