Conformational analysis of calixarene derivatives substituted at the methylene bridges

Samah Simaan, Silvio E. Biali*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


The conformation of tetrahydroxycalix[4]arene derivatives substituted at two opposite methylene bridges or at a single bridge by an alkyl or aryl group is reviewed. The cone form with an equatorial substituent is the lowest energy conformation of calixarenes possessing one bridge substituted by an alkyl group, whereas both the axial and equatorial conformers are similarly populated if the substituent is an aryl group. In the cone conformation of calixarenes possessing two opposite bridges substituted in trans fashion by a pair of groups, one group must necessarily be located in an axial position. The steric interactions ensuing from the presence of an axial group destabilize the cone conformation, rendering the 1,2-alternate form the lowest energy conformation in some derivatives.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)752-759
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Organic Chemistry
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2004


  • Axial
  • Calixarenes
  • Conformation
  • Equatorial
  • Macrocycles
  • NMR
  • Rotational barriers
  • Stereochemistry


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