Constraining the P 30 (p, γ) S 31 Reaction Rate in ONe Novae via the Weak, Low-Energy, β -Delayed Proton Decay of Cl 31

T. Budner, M. Friedman, C. Wrede, B. A. Brown, J. José, D. Pérez-Loureiro, L. J. Sun, J. Surbrook, Y. Ayyad, D. W. Bardayan, K. Chae, A. A. Chen, K. A. Chipps, M. Cortesi, B. Glassman, M. R. Hall, M. Janasik, J. Liang, P. O'Malley, E. PollaccoA. Psaltis, J. Stomps, T. Wheeler

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The P30(p,γ)S31 reaction plays an important role in understanding the nucleosynthesis of A≥30 nuclides in oxygen-neon novae. The Gaseous Detector with Germanium Tagging was used to measure Cl31 β-delayed proton decay through the key Jπ=3/2+, 260-keV resonance. The intensity Iβp260=8.3-0.9+1.2×10-6 represents the weakest β-delayed, charged-particle emission ever measured below 400 keV, resulting in a proton branching ratio of Γp/Γ=2.5-0.3+0.4×10-4. By combining this measurement with shell-model calculations for Γγ and past work on other resonances, the total P30(p,γ)S31 rate has been determined with reduced uncertainty. The new rate has been used in hydrodynamic simulations to model the composition of nova ejecta, leading to a concrete prediction of Si30:Si28 excesses in presolar nova grains and the calibration of nuclear thermometers.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number182701
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number18
StatePublished - 6 May 2022

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