Constraints on Exotic Dipole-Dipole Couplings between Electrons at the Micrometer Scale

Shlomi Kotler, Roee Ozeri, Derek F.Jackson Kimball

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New constraints on exotic dipole-dipole interactions between electrons at the micrometer scale are established, based on a recent measurement of the magnetic interaction between two trapped Sr+88 ions. For light bosons (mass≤0.1eV) we obtain a 90% confidence interval for an axial-vector-mediated interaction strength of |gAegAe/4π c|≤1.2×10-17. Assuming CPT invariance, this constraint is compared to that on anomalous electron-positron interactions, derived from positronium hyperfine spectroscopy. We find that the electron-electron constraint is 6 orders of magnitude more stringent than the electron-positron counterpart. Bounds on pseudoscalar-mediated interaction as well as on torsion gravity are also derived and compared with previous work performed at different length scales. Our constraints benefit from the high controllability of the experimental system which contained only two trapped particles. It therefore suggests a useful new platform for exotic particle searches, complementing other experimental efforts.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number081801
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number8
StatePublished - 17 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Physical Society.


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