Control of the Activity of Phosphoertolpyruvate Carboxykinase and the Level of ItsmRNA in Livers of Newborn Rats: Effect of Diabetes, Glucose Load and Glucocorticoids

Nissim BENVENISTY*, Edit Ben SIMCHON, Hannah COHEN, David MENCHER, Oded MEYUHAS, Lea RESHEF

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Streptozotocin treatment produces a typical experimental diabetes in neonates exhibiting hyperglycemia, glucosuria, ketonemia and increased level of free fatty acids in the blood. The liver is affected as well, with reduced activity of glycogen synthase and a corresponding decrease in the content of liver glycogen. In contrast, the activity of liver cytosolic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase and the level of its mRNA are not affected. Using a cDNA containing P‐pyruvate carboxykinase sequence, the relative abundance of the enzyme mRNA was estimated. The level of the mRNA was readily observed increasing by glucocorticoid treatment or decreasing in response to administered load of glucose. These parallel the changes observed in the activity of the enzyme under these treatments, indicating that the level of P‐pyruvate carboxykinase mRNA actually determines that of the cnzyme. The failure of diabetes to incrcase the level of enzyme mRNA and the limited response to glucose loading strongly suggest that the mechanisms controlling the level of P‐pyruvate carboxykinase mRNA in neonates are relatively resistant to insulin. This is unique to nconates, since in both the adult and the fetal liver, P‐pyruvate carboxykinase readily responds to insulin. The minimal levels of glucocorticoids characteristic of neonates may be associated with this phenomenon.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)663-668
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume132
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1983
Externally publishedYes

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