Copper, hydrogen, and titanium incorporation in potassium lithium tantalate niobate single crystals

Xiaolin Tong*, Min Zhang, Amnon Yariv, Aharon J. Agranat

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study we propose a model that describes the diffusion of copper, hydrogen, and titanium through the liquid/solid interface in potassium lithium tantalate niobate crystals. Copper and hydrogen ions may occupy potassium/lithium vacant sites. Hydrogen ions are also able to stay at tantalate/niobate vacant sites in the presence of titanium. This model shows that the hydrogen concentration can be dramatically reduced in KLTN:Cu,X,Y crystals (where X, Y are any first row transition metals but not Ti or Cu), and is in agreement with experimental results.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1688-1690
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume70
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Mar 1997

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