Copper interconnections and antennas fabricated by hot-pressing printed copper formate

Yitzchak S. Rosen, Yuval Lidor, Revital Baiter, Adi Szeskin, Asad Awadallah, Yosi Shacham-Diamand, Shlomo Magdassi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We present a novel process to fabricate conductive patterns by a new copper precursor ink. In this method, an ink with copper formate, a self-reducible copper precursor, is printed, and subsequently heated under high pressure in a hot-press, which is commonly used in the printed circuit board industry. The heating leads to decomposition of the precursor, and results in copper patterns with good electrical conductivity. The application of pressure enables the formation of a dense copper film. 5-15 μm thick copper patterns were obtained on FR4 sheets with an equivalent specific resistivity as low as 5.3 ± 0.3 cm, which is about three times the copper bulk resistivity. Unlike most methods for copper precursor inks, this ink and process do not require an inert environment, and can be performed with instrumentation already used in the industry. Finally, we demonstrate the applicability of this method by printing functional radio frequency components; i.e. antennas for near field communication and Wi-Fi.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numberaa89bb
JournalFlexible and Printed Electronics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd.


  • Copper formate
  • Copper ink
  • Copper precursor
  • Hot-press
  • Printed antennas
  • Printed electronics


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