Copper sulfide nanoparticles suppressGibberella fujikuroiinfection in rice (Oryza sativaL.) by multiple mechanisms: contact-mortality, nutritional modulation and phytohormone regulation

Heping Shang, Chuanxin Ma, Chunyang Li, Jason C. White, Tamara Polubesova, Benny Chefetz, Baoshan Xing*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of nanotechnology to suppress crop diseases is gaining increasing interest in agriculture. Copper sulfide nanoparticles (CuS NPs) were synthesized at 1?:?1 and 1?:?4 ratios of Cu and S and their respective antifungal efficacy was evaluated against the pathogenic activity ofGibberella fujikuroi(bakanae disease) in rice (Oryza sativaL.). In a 2 din vitrostudy, CuS (1?:?1) and CuS (1?:?4) NPs at 50 mg L-1decreasedG. fujikuroicolony-forming units (CFU) by 35.7 and 33%, respectively, compared to controls; commercial CuO NPs caused an 18.7% inhibition. In a greenhouse study, treating with both types of CuS NPs at 50 mg L-1at the seed stage significantly decreased disease incidence on rice by 35.1 and 45.9%, respectively. Comparatively, CuO NPs achieved only 8.1% disease reduction, and the commercial Cu-based pesticide Kocide 3000 had no impact on disease. Foliar-applied CuO NPs and CuS (1?:?1) NPs decreased disease incidence by 30.0 and 32.5%, respectively, which outperformed CuS (1?:?4) NPs (15%) and Kocide 3000 (12.5%). Notably, CuS (1?:?4) NPs also modulated the shoot salicylic acid (SA) and jasmonic acid (JA) production to enhance the plant defense mechanisms againstG. fujikuroiinfection. These findings provide useful information for improving the delivery efficiency of agrichemicalsvianano-enabled strategies while minimizing their environmental impact, and advance our understanding of the defense mechanisms triggered by the NPs presence in plants.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2632-2643
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Science: Nano
Volume7
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

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© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2020.

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