CT colonography: Positioning order and intracolonic pressure

Jacob Sosna*, Jacob Bar-Ziv, Eugene Libson, Merab Eligulashvili, Arye Blachar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the effect of the order of positions on sustained rectal pressure and factors affecting pain perceived by patients during air-insufflated CT colonography. Subjects AND METHODS. Rectal pressure was measured in the supine and prone positions for CT colonography of 379 patients in two groups. One hundred seventyseven patients underwent imaging supine and then prone, and 202 patients were prone and then supine. Insufflation and patient pain parameters were based on patient self-report and investigator visualization of observable indicators. Colonic distention, residual feces or fluid, and diverticulosis were evaluated with a semiquantitative scoring system. Fisher's exact, Student's t, and chi-square tests as well as multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed. RESULTS. Pressure was higher in the prone than in the supine position in both groups (p < 0.001). The measured pressure in the initial position did not differ between groups (p = 0.88). Pressure increased from 38.3 to 40.07 mm Hg in the second position in the supine-first group and decreased from 38.3 to 32.25 mm Hg in the second position in the prone-first group (p < 0.001). The percentage of patients with pain in the second position was 40% in the supine-first group compared with 18% in the prone-first group (p < 0.003). Distention did not differ between the groups. Pain was associated with increased pressure and diverticulosis (p < 0.001) but not with retained feces or fluid. CONCLUSION. Sustained pressure in the air-insufflated colon was higher in the prone than in the supine position. Imaging in the prone position first results in a significant decrease in pressure in the latter phase and less pain. Pain was associated with pressure and diverticulosis.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)W175-W180
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • CT colonography
  • Diverticulosis
  • Pain
  • Position
  • Pressure


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