Salivary glands (SGs) secrete more than half a liter of saliva daily. Saliva has many functions in maintaining the normal homeostasis of the oral cavity. Several causes underlie salivary impairment, where irradiation therapy to head and neck cancer patients is one of the most debilitating causes leading to considerable decrease in the patients' quality of life. In the last decade, others and we have focused on implementing tissue engineering principles combined with gene transfer and stem cell methodologies to develop an artificial SG device. This manuscript provides an overview of the current status of engineering an artificial SG.