Cyberbullying Perpetration by Arab Youth: The Direct and Interactive Role of Individual, Family, and Neighborhood Characteristics

Mona Khoury-Kassabri*, Faye Mishna, Adeem Ahmad Massarwi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study adopts a social-ecological/contextual perspective to explore Arab youth involvement in cyberbullying perpetration. We explored the association between individual (age, gender, and impulsivity), family (socioeconomic status and parental monitoring), and community (experiencing neighborhood violence) characteristics and cyberbullying perpetration. A moderation model exploring individual, family, and context interactions was tested. A sample of 3,178 Arab students in Grades 7 to 11 completed a structured, anonymous self-report questionnaire. The findings suggest that almost 14% of the participants have cyberbullied others during the last month. Adolescent boys with high impulsivity, low parental monitoring, and who experience a high level of violence in their neighborhood are at especially high risk of cyberbullying perpetration. Parental monitoring moderated the effects of impulsivity and experiencing neighborhood violence on adolescents’ involvement in perpetrating cyberbullying. Furthermore, the results show that impulsive adolescents who experience high levels of neighborhood violence are at higher risk of cyberbullying perpetration than low impulsive children who experience the same levels of neighborhood violence. The results highlight the central role parenting plays in protecting their children from involvement in cyberbullying perpetration by buffering the effects of personal and situational risk factors.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2498-2524
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume34
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This article is based on a study supported by a research grant from the Israel Science Foundation. The authors would also like to thank the many young people who generously gave their time and support to make this study possible.

Funding Information:
This article is based on a study supported by a research grant from the Israel Science Foundation. The authors would also like to thank the many young people who generously gave their time and support to make this study possible. The author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2016.

Keywords

  • Arab adolescents
  • cyberbullying perpetration
  • impulsivity
  • neighborhood violence
  • parental monitoring

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