Daddy-long-leg giants: Revision of the spider genus Artema Walckenaer, 1837 (Araneae, Pholcidae)

Shlomi Aharon, Bernhard A. Huber, Efrat Gavish-Regev*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

This is the fi rst revision of Artema Walckenaer, 1837, a genus consisting of large and phylogenetically interesting species. Even though Artema is not species-rich (now eight nominal species), it has suffered from poor descriptions and synonymies. Our main goal was to gather all available material and to clarify species limits. Four species are easily distinguished from other congeners: Artema atlanta Walckenaer, 1837, the type species; A. kochi Kulczyński, 1901 (revalidated); A. bunkpurugu Huber & Kwapong, 2013; and A. nephilit sp. nov. All other species are problematic for varying reasons: species limits are unclear between A. doriae Thorell, 1881 and A. transcaspica Spassky, 1934; A. magna Roewer, 1960 and A. ziaretana (Roewer, 1960) are problematic because they are based on female and juvenile types respectively and little new material is available. The material available to us suggests the existence of a few further species; however, they are not formally described, either because of small sample sizes (Artema sp. a and A. sp. b are represented by only one specimen each) or because of unclear species limits (between Artema sp. c, A. transcaspica and A. doriae).This study is the fi rst serious step towards understanding the genus. Intensive collecting effort is needed in order to fully clarify species limits.

Original languageAmerican English
JournalEuropean Journal of Taxonomy
Volume2017
Issue number376
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Dec 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Key
  • Middle East
  • Pholcidae
  • Taxonomy

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