Decentralized Caching for Content Delivery Based on Blockchain: A Game Theoretic Perspective

Wenbo Wang, Dusit Niyato, Ping Wang, Amir Leshem

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Blockchains enable tamper-proof, ordered logging for transactional data in a decentralized manner over open-access, overlay peer-to-peer networks. In this paper, we propose a decentralized framework of proactive caching in a hierarchical wireless network based on blockchains. We employ the blockchain-based smart contracts to construct an autonomous content caching market. In the market, the cache helpers are able to autonomously adapt their caching strategies according to the market statistics obtained from the blockchain, and the truthfulness of trustless nodes are financially enforced by smart contract terms. Further, we propose an incentive-compatible consensus mechanism based on proof-of-stake to financially encourage the cache helpers to stay active in service. We model the interaction between the cache helpers and the content providers as a Chinese restaurant game. Based on the theoretical analysis regarding the Nash equilibrium of the game, we propose a decentralized strategy-searching algorithm using sequential best response. The simulation results demonstrate both the efficiency and reliability of the proposed equilibrium searching algorithm.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publication2018 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2018 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Print)9781538631805
StatePublished - 27 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event2018 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2018 - Kansas City, United States
Duration: 20 May 201824 May 2018

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
ISSN (Print)1550-3607


Conference2018 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityKansas City

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 IEEE.


  • Blockchain
  • Caching
  • Chinese restaurant game
  • Proof-of-stake


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