Deciphering the Biophysical Properties of Ion Channel Gating Pores by Coumarin–Benzodiazepine Hybrid Derivatives: Selective AMPA Receptor Antagonists

Mohammad Qneibi*, Mohammed Hawash, Mehmet Gümüş, İrfan Çapan, Yusuf Sert, Sosana Bdir, İrfan Koca, Mohammad Bdair

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the 1980s, the identification of specific pharmacological antagonists played a crucial role in enhancing our comprehension of the physiological mechanisms associated with α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) receptors (AMPARs). The primary objective of this investigation was to identify specific AMPA receptor antagonists, namely 2,3-benzodiazepines, that function as negative allosteric modulators (NAMs) at distinct locations apart from the glutamate recognition site. These compounds have exhibited a diverse array of anticonvulsant properties. In order to conduct a more comprehensive investigation, the study utilized whole-cell patch-clamp electrophysiology to analyze the inhibitory effect and selectivity of benzodiazepine derivatives that incorporate coumarin rings in relation to AMPA receptors. The study’s main objective was to acquire knowledge about the relationship between the structure and activity of the compound and comprehend the potential effects of altering the side chains on negative allosteric modulation. The investigation provided crucial insights into the interaction between eight CD compounds and AMPA receptor subunits. Although all compounds demonstrated effective blockade, CD8 demonstrated the greatest potency and selectivity towards AMPA receptor subunits. The deactivation and desensitization rates were significantly influenced by CD8, CD6, and CD5, distinguishing them from the remaining five chemicals. The differences in binding and inhibition of AMPA receptor subunits can be attributed to structural discrepancies among the compounds. The carboxyl group of CD8, situated at the para position of the phenyl ring, substantially influenced the augmentation of AMPA receptor affinity. The findings of this study highlight the potential of pharmaceutical compounds that specifically target AMPA receptors to facilitate negative allosteric modulation. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Neurobiology
StateAccepted/In press - 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • AMPA receptor
  • Antagonist
  • Benzodiazepine
  • Carboxyl group
  • Coumarin
  • Inhibition

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