Decision-making and Risky Behavior in Individuals with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A 10-year Longitudinal Study

Stian Orm*, Yehuda Pollak, Ingrid Nesdal Fossum, Per Normann Andersen, Merete Glenne Øie, Erik Winther Skogli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We assessed 85 children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and 50 typically developing children (TD) (Mage = 11.59, 57.8% boys) with the Hungry Donkey Task (HDT) at baseline and 2-year follow-up, and the Iowa Gambling Task at 10-year follow-up (75% retention). Improvement in the proportion of advantageous choices was observed from two- to 10-year follow-up, but the ADHD group improved less and was outperformed by the TD group at the 10-year follow-up. More advantageous choices on the HDT at baseline predicted less risky behavior at 10-year follow-up. Male sex and more inattentive or externalizing symptoms at baseline predicted more risky behavior.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)193-209
Number of pages17
JournalDevelopmental Neuropsychology
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

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© 2022 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

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