Decomposing the value of word-of-mouth seeding programs: Acceleration versus expansion

Barak Libai, Eitan Muller, Renana Peres*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

196 Scopus citations


In word-of-mouth seeding programs, customer word of mouth can generate value through market expansion; in other words, it can gain customers who would not otherwise have bought the product. Alternatively, word of mouth can generate value by accelerating the purchases of customers who would have purchase anyway. This article presents the first investigation exploration how acceleration and expension combine to generate value in a word-of-mouth seeding program for a new product. product. The authors define a program's "social value" as the global change, over the entire social system, in customer equity that can be attributed to the word-of-mouth program participants. They compute programs' social value in various scenarios using an agent-based simulation model and empirical connectivity data on 12 social networks in various markets as input to the simulation. The authors show how expansion and acceleration integrate to create programs' social value and illustrate how the role of each is affected by factors such as competition, program targeting, profit decline, and retention. These results have substantial implications for the design and evaluation of word-of-mouth marketing programs and of the profit impact of word of mouth in general.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)161-176
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Marketing Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2013


  • Agent-based models
  • Customer equity
  • New product diffusion
  • Seeding
  • Social networks
  • Word of mouth


Dive into the research topics of 'Decomposing the value of word-of-mouth seeding programs: Acceleration versus expansion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this