Defining Hsp33's redox-regulated chaperone activity and mapping conformational changes on Hsp33 using hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry

Rosi Fassler, Nufar Edinger, Oded Rimon, Dana Reichmann*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Living organisms regularly need to cope with fluctuating environments during their life cycle, including changes in temperature, pH, the accumulation of reactive oxygen species, and more. These fluctuations can lead to a widespread protein unfolding, aggregation, and cell death. Therefore, cells have evolved a dynamic and stress-specific network of molecular chaperones, which maintain a "healthy" proteome during stress conditions. ATP-independent chaperones constitute one major class of molecular chaperones, which serve as first-line defense molecules, protecting against protein aggregation in a stress-dependent manner. One feature these chaperones have in common is their ability to utilize structural plasticity for their stress-specific activation, recognition, and release of the misfolded client. In this paper, we focus on the functional and structural analysis of one such intrinsically disordered chaperone, the bacterial redox-regulated Hsp33, which protects proteins against aggregation during oxidative stress. Here, we present a toolbox of diverse techniques for studying redox-regulated chaperone activity, as well as for mapping conformational changes of the chaperone, underlying its activity. Specifically, we describe a workflow which includes the preparation of fully reduced and fully oxidized proteins, followed by an analysis of the chaperone anti-aggregation activity in vitro using light-scattering, focusing on the degree of the anti-aggregation activity and its kinetics. To overcome frequent outliers accumulated during aggregation assays, we describe the usage of Kfits, a novel graphical tool which allows easy processing of kinetic measurements. This tool can be easily applied to other types of kinetic measurements for removing outliers and fitting kinetic parameters. To correlate the function with the protein structure, we describe the setup and workflow of a structural mass spectrometry technique, hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry, that allows the mapping of conformational changes on the chaperone and substrate during different stages of Hsp33 activity. The same methodology can be applied to other protein-protein and protein-ligand interactions.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numbere57806
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Volume2018
Issue number136
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Jun 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Journal of Visualized Experiments. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • ATP-independent chaperone
  • Biochemistry
  • Chaperones
  • HDX-MS
  • Hsp33
  • Hydrogen-deuterium exchange
  • Issue 136
  • Protein aggregation
  • Protein aggregation kinetics and analysis
  • Protein oxidation and reduction
  • Redox-regulated chaperone

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