BACKGROUND: Repeat CT scanning is ubiquitous in many clinical situations, e.g. to follow disease progression, to evaluate treatment efficacy, and to monitor interventional CT procedures. However, it incurs in cumulative radiation to the patient which can be significantly reduced by using a region of interest (ROI) and the existing baseline scan. OBJECTIVE: To obtain a high-quality reconstruction of a ROI with a significantly reduced X-ray radiation dosage that accounts for deformations. METHODS: We present a new method for deformable registration and image reconstruction inside an ROI in repeat CT scans with a highly reduced X-ray radiation dose based on sparse scanning. Our method uses the existing baseline scan data, a user-defined ROI, and a new sparse repeat scan to compute a high-quality repeat scan ROI image with a significantly reduced radiation dose. Our method first performs rigid registration between the densely scanned baseline and the sparsely scanned repeat CT scans followed by deformable registration with a low-order parametric model, both in 3D Radon space and without reconstructing the repeat scan image. It then reconstructs the repeat scan ROI without computing the entire repeat scan image. RESULTS: Our experimental results on clinical lung and liver CT scans yield a mean × 14 computation speedup and a × 7.6-12.5 radiation dose reduction, with a minor image quality loss of 0.0157 in the NRMSE metric. CONCLUSION: Our method is considerably faster than existing methods, thereby enabling intraoperative online repeat scanning that it is accurate and accounts for position, deformation, and structure changes at a fraction of the radiation dose required by existing methods.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Research supported by Kamin grant 57706, Office of the Chief Scientist, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Israel. We thank Prof. J. Sosna, Dept. of Radiology, Hadassah University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel for providing the CT scans.
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- 3D Radon space
- ROI reconstruction
- Sparse CT scanning
- deformable registration
- repeat scanning