Degradation of mistargeted OEE33 in the chloroplast stroma

Tamar Halperin*, Zach Adam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


OEE33, a component of the oxygen-evolving enzyme in chloroplasts, normally resides in the thylakoid lumen. In an attempt to study the fate of mistargeted proteins in chloroplasts, we substituted the bipartite transit peptide of OEE33 with that of CAB7, an integral thylakoid-membrane protein. As a result, when imported into isolated chloroplasts, the chimeric protein was targeted to the stroma instead of the thylakoid lumen. Whereas the wild-type OEE33 was totally stable for at least 2 h, the chimeric protein was rapidly degraded, with a half-life of 60 min. Degradation of the chimeric protein was stimulated by ATP supplementation. Degradation could also be observed in lysed chloroplasts, in an ATP-stimulated manner. When lysates were fractionated, the proteolytic activity was found to be associated mainly with the stromal fraction. This activity was very effectively inhibited by all tested inhibitors of serine proteases. Western blot analysis demonstrated that the stromal fraction active in degrading the chimeric OEE33 contains ClpC and ClpP, homologues of the regulatory and proteolytic subunits, respectively, of the bacterial, ATP-dependent, serine-type Clp protease.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)925-933
Number of pages9
JournalPlant Molecular Biology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1996


  • Chloroplast
  • Clp protease
  • Oxygen-evolving complex
  • Proteolysis


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