Demographic profile, Oral Health Impact Profile and Dental Anxiety Scale in patients with chronic periodontitis: a case–control study

Liran Levin, Avraham Zini, Jonathan Levine, Maor Weiss, Ron Lev, Daniella Chebath Taub, Avihai Hai, Galit Almoznino*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To examine whether dental anxiety (DA) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) differ between persons with and those without chronic periodontitis. Methods: One-hundred patients with chronic periodontitis and 50 age- and- sex-matched controls were included. Data were collected on the following: demographics; smoking habits; Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) for dental pain assessment; Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS); Oral Health Impact Profile 14 (OHIP-14); Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth (DMFT) index; Plaque Index (PI); probing depth (PD); bleeding on probing (BOP); and radiographic bone loss. Results: Patients with chronic periodontitis exhibited a significantly higher percentage of high anxiety and phobia compared with subjects in the control group. Furthermore, patients with chronic periodontitis were statistically significantly more likely to consider themselves as suffering from dental anxiety (68.7% vs. 14.3%, P < 0.001) as well as more likely to have fear of receiving dental injections, hearing the dental drill noise and feeling a foreign object in the mouth. Patients with chronic periodontitis exhibited worse OHIP-14 global scores as well as worse scores in the following individual domains: functional limitation (P = 0.005); physical disability (P = 0.003); psychological disability (P = 0.010); social disability (P = 0.011); and handicap (P = 0.012). Conclusions: Compared with controls, patients with chronic periodontitis had higher levels of dental anxiety and worse OHRQoL. It is important to consider dental anxiety and OHRQoL assessment as an integral component of the evaluation of patients with chronic periodontitis. Communication between dental and behavioral health professionals is needed to implement a multidisciplinary team approach involving behavioural and psychological interventions.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)269-278
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Dental Journal
Volume68
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 FDI World Dental Federation

Keywords

  • Periodontal disease
  • chronic periodontitis
  • dental anxiety
  • dental fear
  • oral health-related quality of life
  • quality of life

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