An etiologic connection between palatally ectopic canines and small and missing teeth is well established in the literature. Additionally, it has been observed that patients with palatally ectopic canines have a delayed dental development. The present study was designed to examine the validity of this latter observation. We radiographically assessed the subjects' dental ages using criteria of tooth calcification, rather than tooth eruption pattern. A similar determination was made in relation to subjects in whom buccally ectopic canines were present. The experimental group consisted of panoramic radiographs of 55 consecutively treated patients with palatally displaced maxillary canines and of 47 consecutively treated patients with buccally displaced canines. They were compared with a control group of 57 consecutively treated patients with normally placed canines. Approximately half the subjects with palatal displacement exhibited a late-developing dentition, whereas the timing of dentition in the remaining subjects appeared to be normal. Buccal displacement was not associated with a retarded dental development, and the ranges of the dental age values were similar to those seen in the control group. The results support the idea that there are different etiologies for the occurrence of buccal versus palatal ectopia in maxillary canines. They also suggest that dentitions with a palatal canine appear to be of 2 distinct varieties, with different dental characteristics and, perhaps, different etiologies.
|Original language||American English|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics|
|State||Published - Jun 2000|