Dental caries status, socio-economic, behavioral and biological variables among 12-year-old Palestinian school children

H. D. Sgan-Cohen*, M. Bajali, L. Eskander, D. Steinberg, A. Zini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


There are currently inadequate data regarding the prevalence of dental caries and its associated variables, among Palestinian children. Aim: To determine the current prevalence of dental caries and related variables, among Palestinian children in East Jerusalem. Study design: A stratified sample of 286 East Jerusalem Palestinian children was selected, employing randomly chosen sixth grade clusters from three pre-selected socio-economic school groups. Dental caries was recorded according to WHO recommendations. Salivary flow, pH, buffer capacity and microbial parameters, were recorded according to previously employed methodologies. Results: The mean level of caries experience, by DMFT, was 1.98 ± 2.05. This level was higher than those found among Israeli children, but lower than several other Middle Eastern countries. In uni-variate analysis, significant associations were revealed between caries and school categories, which indicated lower, middle and higher socio-economic position(SEP), mothers' employment, home densities, dental visits, tooth brushing, Streptococci mutans (SM), Lactobacilli (LB), and saliva pH. Conclusion: According to a linear logistic regression model, children learning in lower SEP schools, with higher SM levels and more acidic saliva, had a higher chance of experiencing dental caries. These findings should be considered in the planning of services and dental health care programs for Palestinian children.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)331-335
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2015


  • Dental caries
  • Health behavior
  • Socio-economic position


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