Depolarization affects the binding properties of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors and their interaction with proteins of the exocytic apparatus

Nili Ilouz, Leora Branski, Julia Parnis, Hanna Parnas, Michal Linial*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Membrane depolarization is the signal that triggers release of neurotransmitter from nerve terminals. As a result of depolarization, voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels open, level of intracellular Ca2+ increases, and release of neurotransmitter commences. Previous study had shown that in rat brain synaptosomes, muscarinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptors (mAChRs) interact with soluble NSF attachment protein receptor proteins of the exocytic machinery in a voltage-dependent manner. It was suggested that this interaction might control the rapid, synchronous release of acetylcholine. The present study investigates the mechanism for such a voltage-dependent interaction. Here we show that depolarization shifts mAChRs, specifically the m2 receptor subtype, to a low affinity state toward its agonists. At resting potential, mAChRs are in a high affinity state (Kd of ~20 nM) and they shift to a low affinity state (K(d) of tens of μM) upon membrane depolarization. In addition, interaction between m2 receptor subtype and the exocytic machinery increases with receptor occupancy. Both phenomena are independent of Ca2+ influx. We propose that these results may explain control of ACh release from nerve terminals. At resting potential the exocytic machinery is clamped due to its interaction with the occupied mAChR and depolarization relieves this interaction. This, together with Ca2+ influx, enables release of ACh to commence.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)29519-29528
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number41
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Oct 1999

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