Derivative discontinuity with localized Hartree-Fock potential

V. U. Nazarov, G. Vignale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The localized Hartree-Fock potential has proven to be a computationally efficient alternative to the optimized effective potential, preserving the numerical accuracy of the latter and respecting the exact properties of being self-interaction free and having the correct -1/r asymptotics. In this paper we extend the localized Hartree-Fock potential to fractional particle numbers and observe that it yields derivative discontinuities in the energy as required by the exact theory. The discontinuities are numerically close to those of the computationally more demanding Hartree-Fock method. Our potential enjoys a "direct-energy" property, whereby the energy of the system is given by the sum of the single-particle eigenvalues multiplied by the corresponding occupation numbers. The discontinuities c and c of the spin-components of the potential at integer particle numbers N and N satisfy the condition cN + cN = 0. Thus, joining the family of effective potentials which support a derivative discontinuity, but being considerably easier to implement, the localized Hartree-Fock potential becomes a powerful tool in the broad area of applications in which the fundamental gap is an issue.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number064111
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 14 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

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