Design and synthesis of backbone cyclic phosphorylated peptides: The IκB model

Nir Qvit, Ada Hatzubai, Deborah E. Shalev, Assaf Friedler, Yinon Ben-Neriah, Chaim Gilon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phosphopeptides have been used to study phosphorylation and dephosphorylation, which are key events in protein expression. Backbone cyclization has been shown to increase the stability and selectivity of peptides. Backbone cyclic peptides with conformational diversity have produced bioactive peptides with improved pharmaceutical properties, metabolic stability, and enhanced intestinal permeability. We demonstrate a successful methodology for incorporating phospho-amino acids into backbone cyclic peptides. The nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) is a latent mammalian protein prototype of dimeric transcription factors that exists in all cell types and plays a pivotal role in a huge number of genes, such as those responsible for chronic and acute inflammatory diseases. To inhibit NF-κB, backbone cyclic phosphopeptides were designed and synthesized based on the conserved sequence of the Inhibitor kappa B (IκB). The peptides were screened for inhibiting IκB ubiquitylation. The best compound showed 90% inhibition at a concentration of 3 μM, and its solution structure showed similarity to a related β-catenin protein. This general methodology can be use for synthesizing cyclic phosphorylated, as well as backbone cyclic phosphorylated peptides for various biological targets.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)157-168
Number of pages12
JournalBiopolymers
Volume91
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Cyclization
  • IκB
  • NF-κB
  • Phosphorylated peptides

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