Detachment waves and the onset of frictional slip

Shmuel M. Rubinstein*, Gil Cohen, Jay Fineberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


We perform real-time measurements of the net contact area between two blocks of like material at the onset of frictional slip. We show that the process of interface detachment, which immediately precedes the inception of frictional sliding, is governed by three different types of detachment fronts. These crack-like detachment fronts differ by both their propagation velocities and by the amount of net contact surface reduction caused by their passage. The most rapid fronts propagate at intersonic velocities but generate a negligible reduction in contact area across the interface. Sub-Rayleigh fronts are cracklike modes which propagate at velocities up to the Rayleigh wave speed, VR, and give rise to an approximate 10% reduction in net contact area. The most efficient contact area reduction (∼20%) is precipitated by the passage of "slow detachment fronts". These fronts, which have not previously been observed, propagate at velocities over an order of magnitude lower than VR. They are generated, in conjunction with intersonic fronts, by the sudden arrest of sub-Rayleigh fronts. No overall sliding occurs until either of the slower two fronts traverses the entire interface, and motion of the leading edge of the interface is initiated. Slip at the trailing edge of the interface accompanies the motion of both the slow and sub-Rayleigh fronts. We might expect these modes to be important in both fault nucleation and earthquake dynamics.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publication11th International Conference on Fracture 2005, ICF11
Number of pages5
StatePublished - 2005
Event11th International Conference on Fracture 2005, ICF11 - Turin, Italy
Duration: 20 Mar 200525 Mar 2005

Publication series

Name11th International Conference on Fracture 2005, ICF11


Conference11th International Conference on Fracture 2005, ICF11


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