Detection and molecular identification of Hepatozoon canis and Babesia vogeli from domestic dogs in Palestine

Kifaya Azmi*, Amer Al-Jawabreh, Abedelmajeed Nasereddin, Ahmad Abdelkader, Taher Zaid, Suheir Ereqat, Samer S. Sawalha, Gad Baneth, Ziad Abdeen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dogs serve as hosts for a great number of parasites, which may affect their health and wellbeing. This study aimed to observe tick borne pathogens in dogs from Palestine including Hepatozoon canis and Babesia species. The prevalence of both H. canis and Babesia species infections in apparently healthy dogs, from ten districts of the West Bank was surveyed. DNA was extracted from blood samples obtained from dogs (n = 362) and ticks (n = 213) collected from dogs (n = 77). A primer set that amplifies a partial sequence of the Babesia and Hepatozoon 18S rRNA gene was used for PCR and the DNA sequences of the PCR products of all samples were determined. Twenty-nine (8·0%) of the dogs were found infected including 20 with H. canis (5·5%), seven with Babesia vogeli (1·9%) and two with undefined Babesia spp. (0·6%). Twelve Rhipicephalus sanguineus s.l ticks were pathogen-positive, including ten with H. canis (4·7%), one with B. vogeli (0·5%), and one with Hepatozoon felis (0·5%). The results indicated that a wide range of tick borne pathogens is circulating in the canine population in the surveyed region. This study is the first report on the prevalence of H. canis, B. vogeli and Babesia spp. in dogs in Palestine and its results will assist in the management of diseases associated with these blood parasites.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)613-621
Number of pages9
JournalParasitology
Volume144
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Cambridge University Press.

Keywords

  • Babesia vogeli
  • Hepatozoan canis
  • canine babesiosis

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