Here, we present the first analytical technique (the quartz tube system technique-QTS) to directly analyze H2O and CO2 contents in liquids following high-pressure, high-temperature experiments in capsules containing mantle minerals and a diamond layer serving as a fluid/melt trap. In this technique, the capsule is frozen prior to opening; the diamond trap is cut out of the capsule and placed inside a N2-filled quartz tube. The diamond trap is heated up to 900 °C to release the gases to an Infrared Gas Analyzer, which determines the CO2 and H2O contents. Three sets of experiments containing SiO2 and CaCO3 powders were performed at 6 GPa and 1,000 °C in order to calibrate and validate the technique. These experiments demonstrated that when samples are prepared in a N2 environment, CO2 and H2O can be directly measured with an accuracy and precision of 2-3 and 3-4 %, respectively. The QTS technique (for H2O and CO2 determination) together with the cryogenic technique (total dissolved solids content) can be applied to diamond-trap capsules following HP-HT experiments in order to provide direct and complete liquid compositions coexisting with mantle material. The principal advantage of the QTS technique of direct analysis of volatile content in liquids over the indirect approach of mass balance calculations is the possibility of studying carbonated and hydrous liquid compositions in equilibrium with mantle material regardless of chemistry and pressure-temperature experimental conditions.
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Acknowledgments This work received support by Israel Science Foundation Grants 251/09 (RK) and 870/08 (AA), and Ring Foundation grant (AA). We thank R. Dasgupta and an anonymous reviewer for their useful comments of this version of the manuscript.
- High-pressure experiments
- Hydrous phases