Development, Validation, and Evaluation of the Pediatric Inflammatory Crohn's Magnetic Resonance Enterography Index From the ImageKids Study

Gili Focht, Ruth Cytter-Kuint, Mary Louise C. Greer, Li Tal Pratt, Denise A. Castro, Peter C. Church, Thomas D. Walters, Jeffrey Hyams, Dan Navon, Javier Martin de Carpi, Frank Ruemmele, Richard K. Russell, Matan Gavish, Anne M. Griffiths, Dan Turner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims: Cross-sectional imaging is important in the assessment of transmural inflammation in Crohn's disease (CD). Small bowel involvement is often more extensive in pediatric CD, requiring a panentering measuring tool. We undertook to develop a magnetic resonance enterography (MRE)-based index that would measure inflammation in all segments of the intestine, without rectal contrast. Methods: Children with CD underwent ileocolonoscopy and MRE and half were prospectively followed for 18 months when MRE was repeated. Item generation and reduction were performed by a Delphi panel of pediatric radiologists, a systematic literature review, a cross-sectional study of 48 MREs, and a steering committee. Formatting and weighting were performed using multivariate modeling adjusted by a steering committee. MREs were read locally and centrally. Reliability, validity, and responsiveness were determined using several clinimetric and psychometric approaches. Results: Thirty items were initially generated and reduced to 5 using regression analysis on 159 MREs: wall thickness, wall diffusion weighted imaging, ulcerations, mesenteric edema, and comb sign. In the validation cohort of 81 MREs, the weighted global PICMI correlated well with the radiologist global assessment (r = 0.85; P < .001) and with the simple endoscopic score in a subsample with ileocolonic disease (r = 0.63; P < .001). Interobserver and test-retest reliability were high (interclass correlation coefficients, 0.84; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.79–0.87; and 0.81, 95% CI, 0.65–0.90, respectively; both P < .001). Excellent responsiveness was found at repeated visits (n = 116 MREs; area under the receiver operating characteristic curve 0.96; 95% CI, 0.93–0.99). Transmural healing was defined as PICMI ≤10 and response as a change of >20 points with excellent discriminative validity (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve = 0.96; 95% CI, 0.93–0.99). Conclusions: The PICMI is a valid, reliable, and responsive index for assessing transmural inflammation in pediatric CD. It scores the entire bowel length and does not require intravenous contrast or rectal enema and, therefore, is suitable for use in children. (ClinicalTrials.gov, Number: NCT01881490.)

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1306-1320
Number of pages15
JournalGastroenterology
Volume163
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 AGA Institute

Keywords

  • Inflammation
  • Magnetic Resonance Enterography
  • Pediatric Crohn's disease

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